Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe)

Maggie Sun
6 min readApr 9, 2024
Generated by Microsoft Copilot

Developed by a well-known software systems development methodologist Dean Leffingwell in 2011, the Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) is a comprehensive approach for implementing lean and agile practices at an enterprise scale.

Core Components:

Core components of SAFe work together to create a cohesive framework to scale up agility across large enterprises.

  • Agile Release Train (ART):

The ART is the heartbeat of SAFe. It’s a long-lived, cross-functional team that delivers value incrementally. They follow a fixed cadence, typically 8–12 weeks, known as a Program Increment (PI).

  • Program Increment (PI):

The PI is a timebox during which an ART delivers a set of features. It provides a structured rhythm for planning, execution, and review, involving all ART members, stakeholders, and product owners.

  • Value Streams:

A value stream represents the steps required to deliver a specific solution or product. It includes all the people, processes, and tools involved in creating value for the customer.

  • Lean-Agile Leadership:



Maggie Sun

MBA, certified agile coach and experienced strategy analyst, specializing in business agility, agile leadership, Beyond Budgeting, and general management.